If you’ve owned a home for any length of time, chances are you’ve come across your breaker panel. But the real question is, do you know how it works? There’s no doubt that electricity and electrical repair can be complex concepts, but understanding the basics of the main electrical panel in your home is essential to protect your property.

At Miami Electric Masters, we’re a leading name in professional Miami electrical panel installation and service, and our top priority is ensuring that you have a safe, functional electrical system in your home. To help you get a handle on exactly what your electrical panel is and how it works, we’ve put together an easy-to-follow guide that fills you in on the basics. 

What is the Purpose of the Electrical Panel?

In the simplest terms, your electrical panel (or breaker box) is what regulates the power to various sources within your home. By receiving electricity and distributing it to areas where it is needed, a breaker box gives you the power you need when and where you need it. 

Inside Your Home’s Breaker Box

Once you open up the breaker box in your home, you’ll see several rows of switches—known as “breakers”— that protect your home’s system from overloading. The contents of the electrical panel can be broken down into the following:

  • Main Breaker: At the very top of your electrical panel is a large switch that serves as the main breaker for your home’s system. Flipping this switch will turn the electricity in your entire home on or off—which is important to know in the evenof an emergency! 

  • Double- and Single-Pole Breakers: The rest of your electrical panel consists of columns of breakers. Some of these will be larger switches known as double-pole breakers. These specific breakers handle large draws of energy, such as the electrical output to your heaters, electrical range, dryer, and water heater. Smaller, single-pole breakers are also found inside the panel that serves as all-purpose breakers for a variety of household uses.

  • AFCI Breakers: In addition to the single- and double-pole breakers, you’ll also find Arc Fault Circuit Interrupter (AFCI) breakers inside the box. These breakers act as an additional form of protection against accidental electrical discharge, and they play a big role in fire prevention.

  • Wiring: Every electrical panel includes wiring, and these wires consist of neutral, hot, and ground wires. Due to the dangerous nature of electricity, repairing or replacing wiring within your electrical panel should be left up to the professionals. 

Managing the Electrical Panel

Most of us have “tripped a breaker” at some point in the home, causing power to be shut off to a section of the house. This is where understanding your electrical panel comes in handy! If you lose power unexpectedly, check out your electrical box and look for any breakers that are in a different position than the rest of the panel. You can reset the breaker by switching it all the way to the “off” position and back on again.

While fixing a tripped breaker is a simple DIY job, there are many situations that require the help of a professional Miami electrical panel repair company. Give Miami Electric Masters a call if you experience the following:

  • Exposed or damaged wires within the panel

  • Breakers that will not reset

  • Fuse-style panels in the home

  • Fire or water damage 

  • Consistently overloaded electrical system 

As a trusted choice for Miami electrical panel installation and repair services, the crew at Miami Electric Masters is here to ensure that you get the most out of your home’s system—without compromising on the safety of your family! If you’re in need of professional electrical service, give us a call or fill out our online form today, and our friendly, affordable team of expert electricians will answer any questions you have about your home’s system.